Your Goat Farming Guide


Goats play an important role in human nutrition, food security, household income, social and cultural functions. They provide useful products (milk, meat and skins) as well as manure for crop and fish production. Goats are a n important component of an integrated production system.

The products from goats include:

·    Meat

·    Milk

·    Milk products, like yogurt, butter, and cheese.

·    Skins for making clothes, shoes, bags

·    Hair for making judges wigs.

·  Other products from goats include horns used for buttons, bones, bone-meal, manure fertilizing crop fields and fish ponds.

Household uses of goats include:

·     Goat milk which is highly nutritious

·   Infants can easily digest goat milk and adults who suffer from digestive problems, can counter allergies and lactose intolerance because it contains a higher proportion of short and medium fatty acids compared to cow milk.

·   Goat milk has a higher content of calcium and phosphorus than cow’s milk.

·      It is a vital supply of vitamin A.




What you need to start a goat farm while in Uganda

There are a number of things you need to start a goat farm. We are going to list some of the major ones below so that you may get an in-depth idea of what you need to start up your goat farm. Let’s get started.

Land

You will need land. Your land should be enough to provide grass for the goats. One acre can accommodate 20 goats on free range grazing. However, if its zero grazing, an acre can provide grass and feeds for 50 goats.

Money

Just like all investments, you will need the money to buy the goats you are to put on your farm. Year-old good crosses cost sh 150,000 to sh 220,000. So, if you are starting with 20 goats, you need at least sh 2m for the actual purchases. However, you can start with smaller numbers as they breed and multiply.

Knowledge

Just as the saying goes that “knowledge is power”. In this case too, you will need the required knowledge about rearing goats! You can get this knowledge by visiting other farmers and attending goat farming clinics.

Market

Another important aspect you need to consider before venturing into goat rearing is the market. Markets for goats are not a big challenge, but you need to know where to sell your goats. Advertise your goats if you have the numbers on your farm.

Passion

Before you go into investment, make sure you have the passion to do it. Things will not always be good. Challenges can’t be avoided and that where passion comes in. passion drives everything, love your goats passionately, everything will eventually fall in place.

Security

Goats are one of the animals that people steal with a lot of ease. So, the security for your farm has to be good. You can fence the farm using poles and non-sharp wire. Tagging the goats’ ears is also another way of dealing with thieves.

Workers

Your goat farm will wear you down if you take on every duty on your own especially if your goat farm is big. You will need workers on the farm, depending on the number of goats. One worker can handle 100 goats.

Annual schedules

When you start your goat farm, you will need a typical yearly timetable for goat farmers which include de-worming between March-May and September-November during the rainy seasons because they eat up a lot of dirt.

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