In Uganda, avocados are locally known as Ova specifically in Luganda, and the fruit trees are widely found across the country, grown by small farms and home gardeners. With this widespread, small-scale cultivation, many new varieties have been created from unrecorded crosses, creating a vast amount of genetic diversity. It is also one of the widely eaten fruit in Uganda mainly accompanied on food like during lunch and supper. Avocado is also served with stew for example pork, beef and goat stew.
Uganda exports both dry and fresh Avocado. Uganda's top export markets include Qatar, Canada, Belgium, Norway, Sweden, Spain and Egypt among other countries. The market for Avocado is readily available hence the rising demand for the fruit.
Hass avocados mature after two years and a single mature tree can produce more than 3,000 (500kg) fruits under good agronomic management practices. So, an acre requires 166 trees at maximum, on planting spacing of 6x4m of which production estimate is over 450,000 fruits (75,000kg) according to MAAIF.
According to the society, a farmer can plant 100 trees in a one acre piece of land. In this, one tree can yield between 600 to 800 fruits per season meaning a farmer can harvest between 60,000 and 80,000 fruits per acre in two and half years' time.
Growing Hass Avocado In Uganda
Although avocados are fairly resistant to drought, well distributed rainfall of between 1000-1200mm is adequate for proper crop development. They also require well drained soils to avoid root rot. The best nature are sandy or alluvial loam soils with pH ranging from 5 - 7.These help the Hass Avocado flourish very well.
Hass avocado trees will start baring fruit in roughly five years. The avocados will not begin to ripen until you pluck them from the tree, so leave them hanging until you need them. Once you pick them, leave them out at room temperature.
How many fruit will a mature tree of Avocado produce in one year? It is possible for an avocado tree to produce 200 to 300 fruit per tree once it is about 5-7 years of age. The avocado tree, however, alternates bearing. This means that the tree may produce a large harvest one year, and then produce a small harvest the following year. It keeps alternating produce by nature.
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