by E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
(Call or Whatsapp: +256-772 238575 or +256-704644402)
Robusta Coffee (Coffea canephora) is grown in the low altitude areas of Uganda, ranging from about 900 metres to 1,200 metres above sea level. It has a shallow root system and grows as a robust tree or shrub to about 10 m tall. It flowers irregularly, taking about 10–11 months for cherries to ripen depending on rainfall distribution, producing oval-shaped beans. Robusta Coffee has a greater crop yield per tree than that of Arabica, contains more caffeine (2.7% compared to Arabica’s 1.5% and contains less sugar (3–7% compared to Arabica’s 6–9%).
It is less susceptible to pests and disease, thus, needs less fungicides and pesticides than Arabica. Commercial production of Robusta Coffee began in the early 1920’s and an extensive production program was undertaken in the 1950s. By 1960, coffee production had risen to about 2 million 60Kg bags and reached its first peak of 3.7 million in the 1972/73 coffee year and 4.2 million bags in 1996/97.
However, due market imperfections, old age of coffee trees and poor agronomic practices, production had again declined to as low as 2.1 million bags by 1991. After coffee liberalization in 1991, production has been improving despite the Coffee Wilt Disease (CWD) that has destroyed about 56% of Robusta trees since its detection in 1993, causing a big constraint to Robusta Coffee production.
However, through research and extension, coffee wilt disease resistant and high yielding varieties are currently available and being distributed to farmers thereby boosting production. Currently, out of 104 districts growing coffee, 60 growing only Robusta Coffee while 13 grow only Arabica. 38 districts grows both Robusta and Arabica Coffee. Robusta Coffee production stands at about 3.3 million bags.
Join in and write your own page! It's easy to do. How? Simply click here to return to Uganda Coffee.
For inquiries or Orders:
Contact Us On:-
Call/Whatsapp Us on: +256-772 238575